Transaction vs Quantity
This document explains how the Transaction data is different than Quantity data.
To manage the quantity of an SKU, Trayse Inventory uses two prong approach:
- 1.a running log that records all the movements of a SKU at a particular warehouse and a particular location. This is the Transaction table.
- 2.a record that is updated with every movement. This is the Quantity table.
Here's an example of a running log of the Transaction table:
A running total of LT-WGT at the Sylvania Warehouse
And here are the quantity values in the Quantity table:
The current quantities and locations of LT-WDGT
Creating the Transaction record and updating the Quantity record are part of the same process. Here's a visual overview of that process:
The Transaction table is a log table. Anytime a movement or intention to move occurs, then a transaction is written. An example of "intention to move" is a purchase order. The line items of a purchase order are requested from a vendor, but there is no movement internally. However, tracking this value in the Transaction table provides context to Receipt (a.k.a. Goods Received) when it occurs.
Transactions display the lifecycle of movement.
The Quantity table is a join table between the Item table and the Location table.
An item may exist in multiple locations and this is a key feature of Trayse Inventory. The majority of locations will only have one item in it. That would make it a simple one-to-many relationship. However, some locations may have multiple items. Shipping, receiving, repair, in transit, scrap, etc. are some examples of locations that can contain more than one item. The Quantity table sits in the middle and functions as a join table.
Simple entity diagram for the Quantity table.
The Quantity table is where the latest quantity values are stored. The default fields are the following:
- 1.On Hand (everything that is here, allocated and available)
- 2.Allocated (what has been promised on a Sales Order, Transfer Order, or Assembly order)
- 3.Available (On Hand - Allocated)
- 4.On Order (from the vendor)
- 5.On Backorder (unable to fulfill to a customer; a stockout)
The quantity values are displayed on the Item Quantity card, accessed via the More... button on the Item layout.
The Quantity table as viewed from the Item layout.
Since the quantity fields are stored in both the Transaction table and the Quantity table, there is duplicity in the structure. However, the fields serve two purposes, as noted above. Moreover, to use the quantity fields from the Transaction table, a calculation or summary field would be required. This would adversely affect performance.